In , Sir Thomas Gray, a Northumbrian knight and constable of Norham castle , was ambushed and captured by the Scots. Imprisoned in Edinburgh castle. 13 Sep Abstract. Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica is almost unique amongst medieval English chronicles in having been written by a knight, and it is. Thomas Gray in the ‘ Scalacronica,’ and now trans lated by the Right Hon. Sir Herbert Maxwell, Bart., continued. THE King being eager for arms and glory, and .

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Thereupon it was decided by the knights [present that he should go to Norham, as the most dangerous [and] adventurous place in the country. When they [the enemy] rose from the ground, they perceived the grooms of the said Thomas coming up in good order, and began to fly to a dry peat moss which was near, wherefore almost all [the others] began to fly to the moss, leaving their horses for their few assailants. The enemy spurred out from their ambush before the gates of the said castle, so doing because they well knew that he Sir Thomas had gone forth.

The English squadrons being thrown into confusion by the thrust of pikes upon the horses, began to flee.

Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica: a medieval chronicle and its historical and literary context

The King’s charger, having been piked, could go no further; so he mounted afresh on a courser and was taken round the Torwood, and [so] through the plains of Lothian. King Edward marched forward and kept the feast of Christmas [] at Linlithgow, then rode throughout the land of Scotland, and marched to Dunfermline, where John Comyn perceiving that he could not withstand the might of the King of England, rendered himself to the King’s mercy, on condition that he and all his adherents should regain all their rightful possessions, and they became again his [Edward’s] lieges; whereupon new instruments were publicly executed.

The constable, Roger de Horsley, lost there an eye by an arrow. Another time there happened a disaster on the marches at Berwick, by treachery of the false traitors of the marches, where was slain Robert de Neville; which Robert shortly before had slain Richard fitz Marmaduke, cousin of Robert de Bruce, on the old bridge of Durham, because of a quarrel between them [arising] out of jealousy which should be reckoned the greater lord.

John [Perth] for the use of Robert de Bruce from William Oliphant, captain [thereof] for the King of England, being at that time an adherent of his [Edward’s], although shortly after he deserted him, the said Robert marched in force before the castle of Stirling, where Philip de Moubray, knight, having command of the said castle for the King of England, made terms with the said Robert de Bruce to surrender the said castle, which he had besieged, unless he [de Moubray] should be relieved: It would be too lengthy a matter to relate [all] the combats and deeds of arms and evils for default of provender, and sieges which happened to him during the eleven years that he remained [there] during such an evil and disastrous period for the English.


Another time, on a market day, the town being full of people from the neighbourhood, Alexander Frisel, who was an adherent of Robert de Bruce, was ambushed with a hundred men-at-arms about half a league from the said castle, having sent others of his people to rifle a hamlet on the other side of the castle.

So, with the approval of his people, he took the road straight towards the ambush, having given his grooms a standard and ordered them to follow behind at not too short interval. Websites related to this text: During the dispute between the King and the said earl, Robert de Brits, who had already risen during the life of the King’s father, renewed his strength in Scotland, claiming authority over the realm of Scotland, and subdued many of the lands in Scotland which were before subdued by and in submission to the King of England; and [this was] chiefly the result of bad government by the King’s officials, who administered them [the lands] too harshly in their private interests.

A Life of Resistance: Related articles in Google Scholar. The King of England undertook scarcely anything against Scotland, and thus lost as much by indolence as his father had conquered; and also a number of fortresses within his marches of England, as well as a great part of Northumberland which revolted against him.

Indeed it was so that, after the town of Berwick was taken out of the hands of the English, the Scots had got so completely the upper hand and were so insolent that they held the English to be of almost no account, who [the English] concerned themselves no more with the war, but allowed it to cease.

They [the English] mounted in great alarm, for they were not accustomed to dismount to fight on foot; whereas the Scots had taken a lesson from the Flemings, who before that had at Courtrai defeated on foot the power of France.

At this moment, up came the said Thomas with all his garrison, with levelled lances, [which] they drove into the bowels of the horses so that they threw their riders.

Sir Thomas Gray, Scalacronica, – | The English Historical Review | Oxford Academic

Adam Banaster, a knight bachelor of the county of Lancaster, led a revolt against the said earl by instigation of the King; but he could not sustain it, and was taken and beheaded by order of the said earl, who had made long marches in following his [Banaster’s] people. Gilbert de Middleton in the bishopric of Durham, plundered two Cardinals who came to consecrate the Bishop, and seized Louis de Beaumont, Bishop of Durham, and his brother Henry de Beaumont, because the King had caused his [Gilbert’s] cousin Adam de Swinburne to be arrested, because he had spoken too frankly to him about the condition of the Marches.


Scalaxronica from ” https: Scalacronicawritten by the fourteenth-century Northumberland knight Sir Thomas Gray, was first edited svalacronica Joseph Stevenson and published by the Maitland Club in Durham e-Theses Home Questions?

His advanced guard was encamped a league distant in a hamlet. Plummer and Jesse Spohnholz.

dcalacronica John [Perth], and the corpse of Roger de Mowbray was brought on a litter before the judges in the Parliament of Scone, and condemned. The Scottish enemy surrounded them. The first four rungs represent the four historians, Walter of OxfordBedeRanulf Higden and John of Tynemouthwhose work is to be the inspiration for the first four parts of the book, while the fifth rung represents the future.

Then he told him how the enemy had blocked the narrow roads in the forest. Then he set forward at great speed, having of common people and others, scarcely more than sixty all told. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic.

He had not more than six-and-twenty men-at-arms with him, and perceived that he could not avoid an encounter. This King Edward the Second after the Conquest bestowed great affection during his father’s life upon Piers de Gaveston, a young man of good Gascon family; whereat his father became so much concerned lest he [Piers] should lead his son astray, that he caused him [Piers] to be exiled from the realm, and even made his son and his nephew, Thomas of Lancaster, and other magnates swear that the exile of the said Piers should be for ever irrevocable.

Therefore, in order to obtain the King’s grace and pardon for this offence, Neville began to serve in the King’s war, wherein he died. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. This page was last edited on 29 Juneat Another time, Adam de Gordon, a baron of Scotland, having mustered more than eight score men-at-arms, came before the said castle of Norham, thinking to raid the cattle, which were grazing outside the said castle.